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Size of the prostate gland in prostatitis

Size Of The Prostate Gland In Prostatitis

The prostate is responsible not only for a quality sex life, but also for health in general. Any pathological change with deviations from the normal size of the organ indicates an inflammatory process. An increase in size is noted with adenoma, inflammation, prostatitis, and neoplasms. The prostate gland and the size of the organ are key criteria for diagnosing pathology.

Anatomy and function of the prostate

The prostate is located below the ureter, clasping its ureter. The organ consists of glandular tissues and produces prostatic juice and hormones.

The prostate (prostate gland) is a necessary organ of the male body and is involved in:

  • sexual functioning;
  • is part of the semen;
  • is responsible for the healthy drainage of urine;
  • stops the penetration of semen to the bladder.

The prostate is considered a hormone-dependent organ. The prostate has been changing throughout the life of a man. The volume of the male organ in infancy is very microscopic with low weight. Every year the male gland grows, its size is calculated by age. By the age of twenty-three, iron is gaining its final dimensions. After 60 years, the organ develops in a different stage, starting to gradually grow slightly - this is considered the norm. Sharp changes in growth indicate the onset of a pathological process.

What the abrupt change in the size of the prostate is talking about

Doctors do not yet know the exact answer to the question of why abnormal organ changes occur. When examining the prostate, it was possible to clarify so far only one exact reason for such growth - this is the functionality of the testicles. In patients with testicular excision, the gland did not enlarge.

Other reasons include age-related changes:

  • a natural decrease in testosterone production with an increase in estrogen in the blood;
  • an increase in the amount of dihydrotestosterone in an adult man, this substance is produced in the same amount and accumulates in the male gland, which causes its growth);
  • heredity - if the growth of an organ is traced at the genetic level with growths in all representatives of the strong half in the genus.

The normal size of the prostate is a quality life for a man. The increased volume of the gland affects the well-being of patients. Men experience poor sleep, frequent urge to use the toilet, discomfort.

Benign neoplasm

The disease occurs in half of the male population from 55 years old and in almost all men after 75 years. Pathology is accompanied by impaired urination and becomes the cause of a malignant process. With adenoma, nodular seals appear, which creates a growth of growths in the area of \ u200b \ u200bthe rectum or urea.

The disease has three stages of development:

  • Compensated - frequent urge to use the toilet, especially at night.
  • Subcompensated - painful discharge of urine, intermittent, weak stream, delay.
  • Decompensated - poor general health, dry mouth, nausea, weakness, impaired kidney and gastrointestinal tract function.

The first and second stages of the disease are treated with medication.

Treatment includes:

  • normalization of urination;
  • elimination of painful symptoms;
  • stabilization of hormonal balance;
  • influence on the tone of the male gland and the channel for urine outflow.

Severe adenoma is treated with surgery. The most commonly used transurethral resection.

Inflammation of the prostate gland (prostatitis)

Prostatitis flares up against the background of hypothermia, a sedentary lifestyle, infection, obesity.

Symptoms of acute pathology:

  • fever;
  • more frequent toilet visits;
  • painful bowel movements;
  • prostatitis - the size of the gland is above normal.

Symptoms of chronic pathology:

  • disorders of the nervous system;
  • perineal pain;
  • discomfort in the pubic and groin area;
  • white, flaky discharge;
  • sexual dysfunction.

The treatment regimen in this case is selected taking into account the stage and course of the disease. During the standard appointment, hormone therapy, the use of antibiotics, alpha-blockers, physiotherapy procedures are recommended.

Ultrasound examination of the prostate

Ultrasound of the prostate gland is the most frequent study that is prescribed for the diagnosis of an organ. These measures are the most informative. This highly informative technique is completely painless for patients.With ultrasound examination, it is possible to accurately recognize the shape, size and structure of the organ.

This research technique is prescribed when:

  • detected seals, tumors, large sizes on rectal, digital examination;
  • when the patient complains of inflammation, discomfort, pain during outflow of urine, discharge;
  • after identified abnormalities according to spermogram results;
  • for infertility;
  • after receiving negative test results for a specific antigen;
  • for acute or chronic renal failure.

The most informative are two research methods:

  • Transabdominal ultrasound - external examination through the wall of the peritoneum. The method has no contraindications, it is carried out in any medical institution. Among the shortcomings of the study on ultrasound in this way are noted: a blurred view of the contours of the organ, inaccurate measurements of the prostate.
  • Transrectal ultrasound is a local examination of an organ by inserting a transducer into the rectum. The high accuracy of such diagnostics is noted: a clear picture, the exact state of the organ, its size, cysts, foci of infection, examination of the veins of the prostate, stones, tumors.

Normal and pathological condition

The normal size of the prostate is when the organ is symmetrical, divided into two lobes. Each beat has up to twenty-five slices.

The size of the prostate is normal:

  • Longitudinal measurement - 25-38 mm;
  • Cross - 26-43;
  • Anterior-posterior - 14-26.

With age, the norm for organ volume increases, which is considered normal.

Determination of prostate volume

What should be the volume of the male gland?

  • Longitudinal, transverse, front-back - 0.53;
  • The transverse dimensions of the prostate are normal 0.53 - 80 g;
  • Antero-posterior size is normal - 80 g.

Between the ages of 23 and 55, the normal size of the prostate in men (volume) of the prostate gland, which is 25-30 cc.

Urologists adhere to a special form of calculation, which is used to determine the normal age of the prostate (0.13 + 16.4).

For example, a child's age is six years old - 6x0.13 + 16.417.18.

The calculation of the accurate diagnosis of the weight of the prostate gland is made according to the formula - prostate volume * 1.05.

Why is it important to do an ultrasound of the prostate

Most pathological processes are asymptomatic, which makes it difficult to detect the disease at an early stage. When a patient turns to a specialist for help with acute urinary retention, it is sometimes too late to apply medication. We have to carry out surgical intervention. Benign neoplasms are dangerous because they can degenerate into a malignant process with the appearance of a cancerous tumor. Sometimes it is possible to detect such a terrible disease only when the patient has metastases.

Serious consequences of changes in the size of the gland can be avoided with the help of routine examinations by a urologist, which are recommended to be carried out annually, as a preventive measure of male health, the genitourinary system and reproductive functions of the body.